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Courtesy of OrthoInfo

What is Hip Osteoarthritis?

Symptoms and Treatment

⁣⁣When treating hip pain we often assess if the pain is related to hip osteoarthritis.  The hip is a ball (femur) and socket (pelvis) joint. The ends of each bone is covered with articular cartilage which allows the bones to glide smoothly over each other during movement. ⁣⁣Osteoarthritis, the most common form of arthritis, occurs when this articular cartilage gradually wears away and the joint space narrows. Bone spurs may also form in the hip joint as a result of wearing of cartilage. ⁣⁣
Symptoms include: ⁣⁣

  • Pain in the front of the hip/groin/thigh.
  • Stiffness upon waking or with prolonged positions.
  • Loss of range of motion, crepitus, and pain aggravated with weight bearing.
  • Symptoms typically worsen slowly over time. ⁣⁣

Treatment options:

In most cases, physical therapy is the first recommendation for the treatment of hip osteoarthritis.⁣⁣ If conservative management fails, steroid injections into the hip may be attempted. If symptoms still persist, a hip replacement surgery may be performed. ⁣⁣Following a hip replacement, these patients would then return to physical therapy for post-operative rehabilitation in order to restore their hip range of motion, strength, and function. ⁣⁣

Are you dealing with hip pain? Contact us on getting scheduled for an initial evaluation in order to start your road to recovery!  You can also learn more by visiting OrthoInfo.

hip muscles

Check your Hips for Back Pain

Having back pain is miserable, and not knowing why you might have back pain can be frustrating. Often in treatment people focus purely on the back muscles, and getting very little relief. This may be because they are focusing on the wrong muscle groups that may be causing your lower back pain. In some cases the hip flexors may be causing your low back pain

What is Dry Needling and how can it help?

What is Dry Needling?
Dry Needling Contact Form

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What is Dry Needling?

Dry Needling was originally developed  in the 1940’s by Janet Travell, MD, former medical adviser to the White House (JFK’s physician).  Dry needling is founded on modern understanding of human anatomy and pathophysiology and on modern scientific research, drawing heavily on leading edge neurological research using modern imaging techniques such as functional MRIs of the brain and real-time ultrasound.

Total Sports Therapy Cave Creek, North Phoenix, and Moon Valley offices offers both Integrative Dry Needling and Functional Dry Needling (FDN).  It is a skilled technique performed by a physical therapist using filiform needles to penetrate the skin and/or underlying tissues to affect change in body structures and functions for the evaluation and management of neuromusculoskeletal conditions, pain, movements impairments and disability (FOSBPT 2015).  Dry needling is classified as an evidence based modern Western medical modality that is not based on Traditional Chinese Medical acupuncture.  It has it’s own unique theoretical concepts, terminology, techniques and clinical applications, completely separate from Chinese acupuncture.  In result, most insurances cover this service as a physical therapy modality.

Effectiveness of Treatment

Integrative Dry Needling, combined with physical therapy treatment, has been effective in treating the following conditions:

  • Acute and chronic tendonitis
  • Athletic and sports-related overuse injuries
  • Post-surgical pain
  • Neurological symptoms such as Bells Palsy and Shingles
  • Chronic pain conditions
  • Headaches and whiplash
  • Neck/lower back pain
  • Frozen shoulder
  • Tennis/golfers elbow
  • Muscle spasms
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Sciatica
  • Hip pain
  • Knee Pain
  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Repetitive strain injuries
  • TMJ
  • Many other neuromusculoskeletal conditions

How can Physical Therapy help with Vertigo?

vertigoDizziness is an experience that 20-30% of all adults will experience throughout their lifetime but not all “dizziness” is easy to explain.  Vertigo is defined as “sensation of whirling or movement that results in error message in the central process of position, space, and time” or in other words spinning.

90% of all disability caused by “dizziness” is Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV).  BPPV is caused by the dislodging of sensory crystals within inner ear that can “get lost” in the semi-circular canals causing miscommunication to the brain on your position in space.  Signs and symptoms of BPPV are usually triggered by specific changes in head positioning and include:

  • Sudden sensation of spinning
  • Dizziness
  • Loss of balance
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting


When researching you may find “self-treatments” for vertigo but it is recommended to avoid such treatments as it is possible to make symptoms worse.  A certified physical therapist (PT) can perform canalith repositioning techniques (CRT) to resolve symptoms in as little as 1 visit.  These include a series of strategic movements that the PT will direct in order to guide the crystals out of the semi-circular canals and eliminating symptoms.  Your therapist will also provide you with post-care with modifications to make daily for up to one week, reducing chances of symptoms returning.  If your symptoms are not caused by BPPV the therapist will further assess the cause.  In most cases a referral to a physical therapist is not required (dependent on insurance) but a cash rate is always offered to provide same day treatment.

hip flexor

Check your hips for back pain

Your low back pain may be coming from your hips

Having back pain is miserable, and not knowing why you might have back pain can be frustrating.  Often in treatment people focus purely on the back muscles, and getting very little relief.  This may be because they are focusing on the wrong muscle groups that may be causing your lower back pain.  In some cases the hip flexors may be causing your low back pain (see diagram below).

hip flexor

The hip flexors include the Psoas muscle which is a large muscle that originates at the lower levels of the lumbar spine and attaches to the femur.  Because the Psoas muscle originates at the lumbar spine, it can often be the root cause of your low back pain.

How do the hip flexors and more specifically your Psoas muscle cause low back pain?

Consider this, you spend most of your day with your hips in a flexed position, from sitting, sleeping (when side-lying), and even in exercising.  By putting your hip flexor muscles in a shortened position for long periods of time you eventually tighten this muscle so when you are standing or laying flat on your back with legs fully extended, you may experience back pain.

How to test if your Psoas muscle is tight

A simple test anyone can do is to lay flat on your back with legs fully extended.  How does this position feel?  Now, while laying flat on your back raise your knees while keeping your feet flat on the surface you are lying on.  Does this position feel better?  If so, this is a good sign that your Psoas muscle is tight.

How to stretch the Psoas muscle

Because the Psoas muscle is so deep it is very difficult to get to and isolate when stretching.  If you try these stretches and don’t get relief, seek a physical therapist.

Try the following stretches based on tolerance:

Supine single knee to chest – Keep one leg straight, while laying on your back, and pull the opposite knee to your chest. Do not let the straight leg flex at the hip.  Stretch should be mild.  Hold for 30 seconds for 3 repetitions.  This is a good stretch to start with for the hip flexors.  Once you feel that you can tolerate easily, progress to supine leg drop.






Supine leg drop – Laying at the edge of a table or bed, drop one leg over the edge so your hip is able to extend.  Pull the opposite knee to your chest. Stretch should be moderate.  Hold for 30 seconds for 3 repetitions.  Once you feel that you can tolerate easily, progress to kneeling hip flexor stretch.








Kneeling hip flexor stretch – From a kneeling position, place one foot flat on the ground directly ahead of you.  Keep your other knee on the floor and press your hips forward. Stretch should be moderate to significant.  Hold for 30 seconds for 3 repetitions.  The stretch intensity can be controlled by adjusting how much you lean forward into the stretch.